Who Invented The Internet – how biggest modern days innovation was made?
Who Invented The Internet : The invention of the internet is probably regarded as the culmination of technologies for a modern person. Today, more and more people find themselves looking for some information on the internet or just using it to communicate with friends and family members as you cannot log into your Skype or Facebook profiles without having the internet. Thus, who invented the internet? It should be stressed that it was not a one-person invention as a lot of engineers and scientists worked on creating the internet which we have and use today.
In 1961, Leonard Kleinrock published his paper called “Information Flow in Large Communication Nets”, where he first expressed the idea of the need of the internet. One year later, another researcher named J.C.R. Licklider created the idea of the galactic network. In that year, he was appointed to be the director of IPTO (Information Processing Technology Office). Another researcher, which could be mentioned together with Leonard Kleinrock and J.C.R.
The internet, which looks more like today’s internet, was developed in the United States at the end of the 1960s. The first meeting regarding the creation of the internet was held in 1968. The chairman of the meeting was Elmer Shapiro. Other more notable people, who participated in this event, were Jeff Rulifson, Steve Carr, Ron Stoughton and Steve Crocker. In 1968 as well, Elmer Shapiro published his paper called “A Study of Computer Network Design Parameters”.
Then, two researchers made quite a big step in the creation of the internet – Barry Wessler and Lawrence Roberts. They invented the Interface Message Processor. Then, Bolt Beranek became one of the people who designed and built the IMP (Interface Message Processor) subnetwork. In 1969, people were introduced to the internet by the University of California in Los Angeles. Following steps to the creation of the internet were conducted at this university, as well. For example, in 1969, the previously mentioned scientist Leonard Kleinrock sent the first message from the computer via the internet at this university. This step is regarded as the first internet backbone.
Talking about the first typed message, it was “LO” although it had to be “LOGIN”. The message was distributed by Charley S. Kline, who intended to log into the SRI computer from the university. However, his message was not finished as the computer crashed. However, fortunately, it was fixed and he could log into the computer.
In 1971, the first e-mail was sent, which was accomplished by Ray Tomlinson. The first internet protocol, also known as IP, was designed by Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf in 1973. In fact, these two engineers are regarded by many people as the real creators of the internet. It was published with the help of two other scientists, Carl Sunshine and Yogen Dalal. In 1974, Telenet was created, which is regarded as the first Internet Service Provider. Three years later, the first modem was created, which was done by Dennis Hayes and Dale Heatherington. The modem today is an essential element in connecting to the internet at home or other places.