Who Invented Electricity – real facts how it was done
Who Invented Electricity : We use electricity every day. We need it to watch television, use our computers, charge phones, use telephones, play video games or just turn the light on to read a book when it becomes dark. Thus, it would be hard to imagine our life without it. Even today, when sometimes blackout occurs, people do not know what to do. But long time ago, electricity did not exist and people still were able to live, which is difficult to do for a modern person.
Thus, the question arises: who invented electricity? One point should be mentioned here that electricity was not invented as it is a natural force that exists in the world. What people did was that they discovered it and applied ways how to use it.
When people are asked who invented electricity, most of them would say Benjamin Franklin. He was one of the greatest scientists of his generation. In addition to discovering electricity, he was interested in many other spheres and conducted quite a lot of researches and discovered new things, such as bifocal glasses.In the middle of the 1700s, Benjamin Franklin started to work on the concept of electricity. Before that, some scientists already had an idea of electricity and made various experiments using static electricity. However, Benjamin Franklin did some revolutionary steps when he discovered that electricity contains positive and negative elements. He also made a discovery that electricity was flowing through these elements. Moreover, he suggested the idea that when electricity was flowing through positive and negative elements, it resulted into lightning.
In 1752, the scientist used a kite to make his propositions more believable, which is known as the kite experiment. To show that lightning was caused by electricity, he used a kite during a thunderstorm. What he did was tying a metal key to the string of the kite. Then, electricity, which was coming from the storm clouds, reached the kite, flowed down the string and touched the metal key, which gave Benjamin Franklin a little shock. Benjamin Franklin was happy to prove his point although he was burnt a little bit.
Then, he was followed by many other scientists, who wanted to make even bigger steps in the field of electricity. Also, many of them wanted to discover how it works. One example of that could be Thomas Edison, who invented the electric light bulb in 1879. Thus, although many people believe that it was Benjamin Franklin, who discovered electricity, there were some other people before him who worked on this concept.
In the 17th century, electricity and magnetism were studied by William Gilbert. He inspired some other scientists to continue studying electricity, such as Sir Thomas Browne, who wrote a few publications about his discoveries. In fact, William Gilbert and Sir Thomas Browne are regarded as the first scientists, who used the word ‘electricity’.
Some investigations also show that ancient people were already experimenting with electricity, as well. A clay pot was discovered in 1936, which was used to create an electric current by filling acidic liquid in it, such as vinegar.