Who Invented Basketball – who started playing this game in a first place?
Who Invented Basketball : Basketball is one of the most popular sports branches. This game is played in many countries all around the world and many generations enjoy it. But who invented basketball? Luckily, there is a clear answer to it as it is known that many sports branches do not have an identifiable inventor.
In 1891, basketball was invented by James Naismith. James Naismith was a physical educator, innovator, sports coach and physician. He created 13 original rules of playing basketball and introduced his basketball program, which was picked up by the University of Kansas. In 1904, basketball became an Olympic sport. It became an official event at the Summer Olympics in 1936.
James Naismith was born in 1861 and passed away in 1939.
His parents were immigrants from Scotland. James Naismith attended McGill University in Montreal, where he was studying physical education. Then, he moved to the United States, where he was hired to be a teacher at the International YMCA Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts.It was also this time when he invented basketball. In 1898, he moved to Kansas, where he started to work at the University of Kansas, eventually becoming the athletic director of the Kansas Jayhawks.
Basketball became quite popular in the United States and later became adopted in other continents, such as Europe. This sports branch became an essential part in many American colleges and professional basketball organizations were soon established, such as the American National Basketball Association. Today, basketball is regarded as a vital part of American culture and it is very popular in other countries, as well. For example, in Lithuania, basketball is even considered as the second ‘religion’.
Talking more about the invention of it, James Naismith created the game in order to keep his students occupied during cold months when they could not go outside to train. The first version of the game of basketball included a peach basket and a ball similar to a soccer ball. James Naismith created 13 rules for playing the game. His class consisted of 18 students and he divided them into two teams, 9 on one team, another 9 – on another team. The aim of the game was to throw the ball into the peach baskets, which was nailed to the lower railing of the gym balcony.
Every time when someone succeeded in scoring, the game was finished as the janitor had to climb to take the ball out of the basket. Only after some time, bottomless baskets became used. In 1892, the first public basketball match took place in Springfield, Massachusetts.
Some examples of the basketball rules created by James Naismith include the following ones: “A player cannot run with the ball, the player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at good speed”,
“The time shall be fifteen-minute halves, with five-minute rests between”, and “The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winner. In the case of a draw, the game may, by agreement of the captains, be continued until another goal is made.”