Who Invented The Aeroplane

Who Invented The Aeroplane

Who Invented The Aeroplane

Who Invented The Aeroplane : In ancient times, humans already had a desire to fly. They tried a lot of devices, such as air balloons or similar aircrafts, which could not develop the speed that we know a modern aeroplane can achieve. However, the aeroplane is not an old invention as the concept of it has only been known for two centuries. Thus, who invented the aeroplane?
Before the invention of the aeroplane, humans also tried to imitate birds. They would fix wings to their arms, which were called ornithopters. The invention looked good on the ground, but when the first human tried to use it in the actual air, it became difficult. The designed wings were too weak to lift the man and the machine, without which the wings could not work.
In 1783, thus, people began to look for other ways to fly. One of such inventions was an air balloon. The air balloon was filled with hot air or hydrogen gas and this time, this invention was able to lift a person off the ground. However, it also had some drawbacks. It was not practical to fly using it because people had to depend on the wind – they were flying there, where the wind was blowing and not to the direction to which they wanted.

In the 19th century, bigger steps were made in this field when an English scientist named Sir George Cayley designed a plan to build a flying machine with fixed wings, a propulsion system, and movable control surfaces. This was also the first design of the aeroplane. Although it did not resemble the modern airplane, it is considered as the father of today’s aircraft. In addition to creating this machine, Sir George Cayley created another flying device – he mounted a kite on a stick, which had a movable tail. Although the design was quite rough, it proved his point. In the 19th

century, there were some other scientists, who tried to experiment with and prove the working principles of a flying machine, such as Felix duTemple, Francis Wenham and Horatio Phillips.
However, the ones who are considered as the pioneers of the modern airplane are the Wright brothers, named Wilbur and Orville. The brothers are known in the whole world as inventors and builders of the first successful aeroplane, which they tried by themselves. In 1903, Wilbur and Orville Wright used the first controlled, sustained flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aeroplane to prove that their design was functioning.
In 1905, the brothers created the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. They are also credited with inventing three-axis control, which allows the pilot to steer the aeroplane and maintain its equilibrium. This method is still used in the aeroplanes of today. In the beginning of their work regarding the invention of the aeroplane, both brothers saw that there was a need to develop a pilot control method, which would actually work as the lack of it was considered the key problem in inventing aeroplanes by the brothers. Thus, this perspective was different from other scientists who were working on aeroplanes as they focused on developing powerful engines. Thus, today we have to be grateful for the Wright brothers, who made our long trips more comfortable and, more importantly, faster.


Who Invented The Aeroplane

Leave A Comment

+